Can you live in other states on a subclass 190 visa?

Living in other states on a subclass 190 visa

Can you live in other states on a state-sponsored visa? What is state-sponsorship?

This is one of the biggest issues in skilled migration, because many people mis-understand the reality of the regulations and visa conditions.

The fact is this: The subclass 190 state-sponsored visa is a ‘full Permanent Resident’ visa.

This means that you are given the status of ‘Australian Permanent Residence’.

The visa does not have conditions applied to it that are at all relevant to being state-sponsored. The visa label does not say what state sponsored (just like a PR visa label does not say the occupation used when applying).

The application is the APPLICATION.

Once Permanent Resident status is granted, then you cannot be restricted to live or work in only one state. That would be against the idea of ‘Permanent Residence’ and having full rights in Australia.

Some visas have residential-location specific conditions. The subclass 489 provisional Pr, regional sponsored visa does have the condition that you must live and work in a regional area. What are regional areas of Australia? They are defined by Postcode and generally mean 1 hour drive outside the main cities, but Adelaide is included as a regional area.

But – the subclass 190 state-sponsorship visa does not have any such conditions.

Of course the sponsoring state would like you to live in the state.

But if you ask them directly about this issue – that’s right, ask the state directly about the issue, why not?! – then they will also inform you that it is not a legal condition, legal restriction or otherwise a Federal nor national law related to the entire issue.

The state is also not relevant when applying for citizenship.

The initial issues are one side — but the reality is that you need to apply for the visa to even obtain Permanent Residence

So go to the GET ASSESSED at the top or bottom of these pages and start your personal Australian visa assessment with an expert, now.

You will register into your own Client Area.

From there, you can use the ‘online communication’ area to talk 1-to-1 with your assigned consultant, who will send you your own migration assessment report and explain all the details of your case.

 

Australia suburb guide: Sydney

SYDNEY

 

CARLINGFORD

(25kms north west from Sydney CBD)

Carlingford is a large, multicultural, working-class suburb located in the geographical centre of Sydney.  Sydney has the most expensive property prices in Australia and Carlingford, considering its proximity to major centres like Castle Hill and Parramatta, isn’t as expensive as the majority of the city.  People can live in established houses with land, townhouses or apartments.   Public transport is a train line, bus network and it is very close to several major roads.  Carlingford is mostly working-class families and retirees of mixed nationalities.

Carlingford has one major shopping centre with plenty of parking and a broad range of shops.  Located next door is another shopping centre of predominately Asian grocery stores, shops and restaurants.  There are also many small retail stores in the streets.  There are plenty of park lands and green corridors for outdoor activities and Carlingford is very pet-friendly with many residents having at least one pet.

There are some excellent schools in the area, one of which is James Ruse Agricultural College, which is Australia’s highest ranked school, and very close to The King’s School, the country’s most prestigious boys’ school.

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

James Ruse Agricultural College

Co-ed

Secondary

Public

Substantially Above

The King’s School

Boys

K-12

Private

Substantially Above

AIS International School

Co-ed

K-12

Public

Not accessed

Carlingford High School

Co-ed

Secondary

Public

Above Average

Carlingford Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

Carlingford West Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

Cumberland High School

Co-ed

Secondary

Public

Below Average

Murray Farm Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

Roselea Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

St Gerard’s Catholic Primary School

Co-ed

Primary

Private

Substantially Above

Overall, many people live in Carlingford because of the relatively affordable housing, the excellent schools, its geographical location and the multiculturalism.  

WAHROONGA

(20kms north west of Sydney CBD)

Wahroonga is one of Sydney’s most beautiful suburbs, known as the ‘garden suburb’.  Located in the North on the Pacific Highway, it contains large homes on big blocks with a notable price tag.  The properties are established with manicured gardens, well-maintained streets, low crime rate and many old trees.  It’s the place where moneyed families, retirees and executives live.  Public transport is good with a train station on a major line and a major highway with regular buses.  There is also one of Sydney’s best private hospitals located here.

There is a small, neat shopping district next to the train station that contains some boutique stores, hair dressers, supermarket and other small retail outlets.  It is also a short drive to Hornsby, which has a very large shopping centre.  Wahroonga has a beautiful park which is popular with locals and the tree-sheltered streets encourage walking.

The schools in the area are all excellent:

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

Wahroonga Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

Waitara Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Substantially Above

Abbotsleigh

Girls

K-12

Private

Substantially Above

Knox Grammar

Boys

K-12

Private

Substantially Above

Prouille Catholic Primary School

Co-ed

Primary

Private

Above Average

Wahroonga Adventist Primary School

Co-ed

Primary

Private

Substantially Above

St Lucy’s/St Edmund’s School for the Blind

Co-ed

K-12

Private

Not accessed

St Leo’s Catholic College

Co-ed

Secondary

Private

Above Average

If you can afford it, this is the suburb to live in.  It has a safe, village feel and is an excellent place to raise a family.

CLOVELLY

(7kms east of Sydney CBD)

Clovelly is a little coastal suburb in the trendy Eastern Suburbs of Sydney, located between the famous suburbs of Bondi and Coogee, with a culture that is laid-back and welcoming. The properties are small and closely packed, from fully-detached, semi-detached and some apartments.  Property prices are at the higher end but the rent makes the area more accessible.  Public transport is adequate and one bus will get you to the city.  The people who live in Clovelly are beach-types, families, couples and backpackers.  

Outdoor activities are excellent with plenty of coast to explore.  The small Clovelly beach has some gentle surf for swimming, good snorkelling and walking opportunities.  There are four small shopping areas with independently owned food outlets and boutique shops.  There are also lots of cafes and restaurants.

The schools in the area are:

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

St Anthony’s School

Co-ed

Primary

Private

Above Average

Clovelly Public School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Above Average

This is the place to live if you like a laid-back beach culture of a coastal town.   

Rental accommodation for new migrants arriving in Australia

Finding somewhere to live in Australia is a very simple, but very important aspect!

There are a few different ways that you can manage the process of securing somewhere to live and you and your family. Some of these are:

Go to Australia on holiday during the visa process

The Australia visa processing times can be 6 to 12 months on average. That means that you can still take this time to travel to Australia on a visitor visa – as long as you are sure that it is safe to do so and has been mentioned to the visa agent or the DIAC case officer.

Travel to Australia once after visa grant, to both activate the visas and to look around

The visa will have an entry expiry date – a date by which you must just make one first entry to Australia. This can be for one day or forever – as long as you step past entry clearance then the visa is activated. The main applicant must enter before – or at the same time as – the other applicants from the visa application. So you could choose to use this time to scout around before returning to your original country to wrap things up before final departure.

You could also have the main applicant take a trip by themself to scout around, while the other applicants then come to join later – as long as they also enter still before that date on their visas!

Book a short term rental accommodation in Australia before you all go at once together.

Stay in the short term rental and then look around for a normal long term rental.

Renting in Australia is easy, and remember that you are not the first pioneer – literally hundreds of thousands of new migrants arrive in Australia every year!

So finding new rentals as a ‘new arrival’ is not a problem.

How to research rental accommodation in Aus?

Easy – Real Estate is the easiest and best website to check

If you want a Map based on Australian postcodes, then just use What Postcode

 

For more help and information, just register into your personal Client Area in the ‘Get Assessed’ section at the top or bottom of the page.

 

Lee

 

What is the difference between public and private schools in Australia?

Are public or private schools better? Are private schools in Australia worth it?

It is important to highlight that each family should judge all schools upon their merits and the fit for your circumstances and child’s needs, as your local public school may be just as ideal for your child as the top private school in the country.  Make your decision from your own educational experiences, work commitments, school hours, proximity, student support services, religious beliefs, costs and other contingencies.  Additionally, schools with supportive, active parents tend to have better reputations than those that do not.

The Australian primary and secondary school system has primarily two options: private (higher-fee paying) or public (State funded).  For families, the choice to study under either arrangement is one of cost and opportunity.

Schools in Australia generally fit under the following categories:

  • Public                 State funded

  • Catholic and Independent         Mostly privately funded and run like a business

    Public/State Schools

    Private/Independent/Catholic Schools

    Fees

    Public school education is free to residents of Australia for those wishing to complete the minimum requirements.

    Schools will request a volunteer annual contribution from parents, the amount which is set by the principal in consultation with the school community and budget requirements. This payment isn’t compulsory but it greatly assists the school with its resources.

    In addition, parents are usually required to pay for textbooks, uniforms, disposable equipment, excursions, missing library books, meals and other extra-curricular activities.

    Many families are eligible for education assistance from The Dept of Human Services and should check with the Department for full information.

    Secondary schools will publicise their set fees per subject at the beginning of the semester but this varies according to each school and subject.

    Important note: NSW, temporary residents are charged unsubsidised fees.

    Private institutions request the payment of fees to attend.  The government does provide a portion of funding to each school in addition to the tuition costs of each family.

    Each school sets its own fees and can vary from $2500 per year to more than $20,000.  You will need to contact each school for a schedule of fees.

    Additional costs will include uniforms, excursions, extra-curricular activities, meals, textbooks, subject extras (such as technical) and library fines.

    Non-payment of fees will result in the student being excluded from the school

    Teachers

    The quality of teachers is similar between both systems.  Each system has its own way of motivating the teachers and regardless of the school, some teachers will better relate to the children than others.

    Teachers from both public and private systems are paid comparable rates and are sourced from the same universities, so it comes down to the individual.

    It’s recommended to meet with the teachers of the school you’re interested in prior to enrolling.

    Please see point to the left.

    Resources

    Public schools have fewer resources than private.  Being dependent on government expenditure and funding guidelines means there is a limit to what each school can spend.

    Public schools still meet the needs of the students with working facilities, playgrounds, equipment and technology and have to meet educational criteria and occupational health and safety principles.  However, these are updated less frequently and are often older technology.

    Strong economic management can also contribute to a public school having excellent resources as some institutions are better placed to utilise the finances and institutions given.

    What makes private education attractive to many families is the quality of teaching resources.  Having higher incoming funding, the schools usually have more updated classrooms, facilities, equipment, technology and educational devices (such as laboratory apparatus).

    Schools may also offer a wider variety of excursions, sports, extra-curricular activities, events and educational opportunities (such as external competitions).

    A family with child/children enrolled in a private school should be aware that annual fees are often base rates and additional costs throughout the year will apply.

    Zones

    Will only accept children from a designated catchment area.  Some families will move into an area to get access to a certain school.

    Not zoned.

    Curriculum

    Currently, public school curriculum is issued by each state and can vary.  However, upon the rollout of the national curriculum in 2013-2015, the main four subjects of maths, science, English and history will have standardised content, meaning both public and private schools will teach from the same structure.

    Private schools have worked within educational guidelines for curriculum but have largely been independent of regulations.  Private schools will have to adhere to the National Curriculum when its released, meaning public and private schools will be teaching from the same structure.

    Special Needs

    Public schools are the better system to utilise if your child requires special education.  The government provides extra funding to the school for aides and extra resources if certain criteria are met.  Also, a public school is more likely to have a dedicated class for students who require extra attention.  You will have to enquire at all the schools in your catchment to determine which has the resources to suit your child’s requirements.

    Private schools do have some support services for students with special needs but each institution is varied from strong support systems to an inability to cater for special needs students at all.  It’s advisable to contact the individual school you’re interested in.

    Quantity

    In 2011, there were approximately 6700 government run schools in Australia and approximately 1800 non-government institutions.  The majority of students in Australia attend State schools.

    Numbers are rising of the children attending independently-run schools, a trend which has continued consistently since 2001.  This sector accounts for around one-third of all students.

    Class sizes

    The ratio for students to teachers in both systems is very similar (around 15:1).  Each school has class sizes according to school size and teacher numbers and needs to be assessed individually.

    Please see points to the left.

    Selective Schools

    There are some selective high schools in the public system, the majority in Sydney.  Students are tested for entry.

    Some private schools do informal testing upon entry but their selectivity is more about high fees.

    There has been much debate over which system is the best for educating children.  The general consensus is that independent/Catholic education provides a better rounded education because of higher-quality facilities and education resources.  Whether public or private, each school can be excellent or struggling according to innumerable variables such as staff management, internal culture, teacher support, anti-bullying policies, financial administration, family involvement, location and socio-economic influences.  Each family should analyse all schools available to them on what the child needs, rather than focus on system generalisations.

    To learn more:

Go to ‘Get Assessed’ at the top or bottom and in your own Client Area, receive personalised information from your assigned consultant.

 

Adelaide Suburb Guide

ADELAIDE

MAWSON LAKES

(12kms north of Adelaide CBD)

Mawson Lakes is a recently built suburb. It is designed for optimum convenience and is filled with new brick homes.  The property prices are in the medium range and residents can choose between apartments, townhouses and stand-alone properties with yards.  Public transport is adequate; however, most residents prefer to use cars.  The people who live in Mawson Lakes are the full range of professionals, students (the University of South Australia is here), couples and families.

What makes Mawson Lakes special is it’s been specifically designed and built with humans in mind.  It contains everything a suburb needs: a community-oriented shopping plaza, running track, corporate buildings and plenty of recreational parks and open areas.  If you like living in an organised space where everything works, this is the suburb for your family.

The schools in the area are:

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

Mawson Lakes School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Average

Endeavour College

Co-ed

Secondary

Private

Above Average

Overall, this suburb is for those families who like the feel of planned living and ‘newness’.  There are many people with English as a second language living here, giving it a community feel.

australia party visa

NORTH ADELAIDE

(3kms north of Adelaide CBD)

North Adelaide is cosmopolitan.  Established and old, the streets are leafy and wide, the architecture has a colonial feel and the housing ranges from small apartments to full-sized homes.  Public transport is excellent, being so close to the city, but street parking can be tight.  Property prices in North Adelaide can range greatly according to what type of property you’re looking for and residents are professionals, couples, families and artistic-types.

North Adelaide stands out for its boutique shopping, cafes, 14 pubs, restaurants and assorted retail.  There is a private hospital and the University of Adelaide is walking distance, so there is a large student population.  Another of North Adelaide’s attributes are the city parks that surround the suburb so exercising and outdoor activities are easy to access.

The schools in the area are:

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

North Adelaide Primary School

Co-ed

Primary

Public

Above Average

St Dominic’s Priory College

Girls

K-12

Private

Substantially Above

North Adelaide has a village feel.  It’s a place of many different groupings that generally accept each other.  If you’re the type who likes inner city living with a community character, this is the suburb for you.

australian-family

ATHELSTONE

(10kms from Adelaide CBD)

Athelstone is made for raising families.  Located in the foothills of the Adelaide Hills, it boasts large, established blocks with generous homes and quiet, wide streets. The property prices are reasonable and you can buy an existing house or build a home of your dreams on the new blocks.  Public transport is adequate but most people prefer to drive.  Families and retirees are most likely to live here.

There is a small local shopping village for convenience and large shopping centres are only a short drive away.  For outdoor activities, residents are boarded on all sides by the River Torrens, the Adelaide Hills, Wadmore Park and several other recreational parks.   It’s a suburb that encourages health and well-being.

The schools in the area are:

School Name

Gender

Group

Classes

Public/

Private

NAPLAN results

Athelstone Junior Primary School

Co-ed

R-2

Public

No accessed

Athelstone Primary School

Co-ed

3-7

Public

Average

St Ignatius College

Co-ed

R-12

Private

Substantially Above

Thorndon Park Primary School

Co-ed

R-7

Public

Below Average

This suburb an excellent choice for new migrant families to Australia.  It’s only ten kilometres from the CBD but feels like a country town and it allows children space to run.

Australia visa searches and stats

Here’s a glimpse of some of the recent different searches for Austrlaian visa information.

If you have found this website based on one of the below searches, then you can:

– See the CATEGORIES tab on the right, or choose fom rthe top menu.

– Go to the GET ASSESSED page at the top to start your own Australian visa assessment and get the information relevant to you.

 

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Importing Cars to Australia

Car Shipping Services

Anglo Pacific Plc is the UK’s largest independent shipping company offering a specialist shipping service for motor vehicles. Established for more than 30 years we work to recognised quality standards, ensuring that your car is handled carefully and professionally from start to finish.

Our staff offers professional guidance and advice to provide safe, competitive car shipping solutions. What’s more Anglo Pacific are fully bonded members of the British Association of Removers (BAR), so your car could not be in safer hands.

Car shipping services are from our own facilities in London, Manchester & Glasgow. Our car shipping service can include arranging to store your car and defer shipment to coincide with your anticipated arrival date. Our storage facilities are modern, customs approved and security protected. Alternatively, our destination representative can arrange storage on arrival.

Anglo Pacific provides a unique car shipping tracking system that enables constant monitoring of the location and status of your vehicle. Full particulars including the vessel, estimated date of arrival, and contact details of our local representative will be advised following shipment.

If you are also sending household goods, depending on the volume we can construct a bulkhead and use the remainder of the container space for your belongings. If it’s a car on it’s own a groupage “sahred” service might be a cheaper alternative than an exclusive container.

If from outside the UK:

ELIGIBILTY FOR VEHICLE IMPORTATION: –

  • You have owned and used the vehicle overseas for a period of not less than twelve continuous calendar months
  • You are of driving age
  • You are an Australian citizen
  • You are a migrant holding permanent residency in Australia
  • You are not allowed to import any vehicle which is 15 or more year old on the date it lands in Australia
  • Cars are required to be right hand drive

Click Here for further Information.

CUSTOMS DUTY AND SALES TAX

All motor vehicles imported into Australia after 1 July 2000 are subject to duty and Goods and Services Tax (GST), calculated on the Customs Value of the vehicle.

IMPORT PERMIT

Before your vehicle can be imported you must obtain a Vehicle Import Approval from the Federal Office of Road Safety in Canberra. If your vehicle arrives at destination port without the approval import approval, the vehicle may be sent back to origin or destroyed.

  • Address enquiries to Administrator: – Vehicle Safety Standards Branch, Dept of Transport and Regional Services, GPO Box 594, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia
  • Phone: (02) 6274 7506
  • Fax: (02) 6274 6013
  • Email: vimports@dotars.gov.uk
  • Alternatively, website is: www.dotars.gov.au

Click Here for an Application Form.

This information is not definitive and is intended as a guide only. Destination regulations can change without notice and for specific guidance we strongly recommend that you obtain direct rulings from the Motor Vehicle Standards Federal Office Of Road Safety GPO Box 594, Canberra, ACT, 2601, Australia

Cost of Living in Australia

Cost of Living in Australia

 

The cost of living obviously varies massively depending on your lifestyle, so let’s just take a look at some averages, so you can see that as a skilled migrant, life in Aus will be very comfortable.

A family with 2 kids, 2 cars and a pet or 2 will serve as a decent example, living in a 4 bed, 2/3 bath house not too far from a city centre. (value roughly AU$ 500,000)

The most important point here is that you could save a lot or spend a lot more than this, depending on how well you control yourself!

Running Costs for the Home:

  • Mortgage = $23,000
  • Council Rates = $1400
  • Water, Electricity, Gas total costs = $2750
  • Building Insurance ($325,000 cover) = $550
  • Contents Insurance ($89,000 cover) = $360
  • Phone, Internet, TV = $1000

Approx A$ 29,000 a year = A$ 560 a week

Hobbies, sports and free time

  • Family membership of the local tennis club = $300 per year
  • Golf (6 day membership of private club) = $1300 per year
  • Swimming/yoga/gym (1 session) = $10 per week
  • Cub Scouts = $250 per year
  • Winter kids sports (Soccer & Netball) = $200 per year
  • Summer kids sports (Teeball & Surf Club) = $200 per year

The total cost of all this activity:

  • $2,750 per year = $230 per month = $53 per week.

 

 

Food shopping and eating out

 

Groceries

Weekly supermarket shopping costs around $200, then there’s about another $50 per week spent on additional fresh fruit and veg.

Here are a few general observations, comparing prices in Perth to those in the UK;

  • Beef and lamb is cheaper in Aus than in theUK and other countries.
  • Packaged goods like cereals and biscuits are slightly more expensive.
  • Almost all fruit and veg is grown locally and the price fluctuates greatly depending on the level of supply.

Total food bill for our family of 4:

  • $250 per week.

 

Specials

All supermarkets run weekly and daily specials – the price of individual items can be reduced substantially, sometimes by 30-50%. Therefore, if you are able to allocate enough time to the process, you should be able to reduce your weekly shopping bill significantly – by about 20% – 30% overall.

 

Alcohol

Alcoholic drinks are not usually sold in supermarkets – they are generally sold in “bottle shops”, which may be attached to a pub/hotel or may be a separate shop. Some of the supermarket chains do have bottle-shops as a side-line, located near the main store.

 

Note that every week retailers have specials which can reduce the price by 20% or more. Also, beer is much cheaper if you buy a “carton” of 24 cans/bottles or a “block” of 30 cans, rather than buying 4 or 6 at a time. Often there are savings to be had by buying wine by the case or half case. Wine casks (wine box in the UK), holding 2, 3 or 4 litres are also fairly popular and work out cheaper in general than bottled wine.

  • Emu Draft Beer (aussie mid-strength 3.5%) – 1 block (30 x 375ml) for $24 = $2.14 per litre
  • Full strength aussie beer (5%) – 1 carton (24 x 375ml) normally about $38, on special for $30 = $3.33 per litre
  • Imported premium beers (5%) – 1 carton (24 x 375ml) normally $55, on special for $45 = $5 per litre
  • Wine – red or white 4 Litre wine cask – 2 for $20 = $2.50 per litre
  • Wine – “reasonable” (opinion of author!) bottle of red or white – $10 on special (normally $13)
  • Spirits – 700mL bottles of gin, blended whiskey etc. – $30

Eating / Drinking Out

Here are a few indicative prices seen when eating and drinking out:

  • Cup of coffee = $3.50, mug = $4.00
  • Full cooked breakfast = $19
  • MacDonalds burger/fries/drink meal – $6.95
  • Large pizza (pickup) – $8.95
  • Fillet steak main course with potatoes and a few veg = $30 – $35
  • Glass of wine in restaurant = $8
  • Bottled full-strength beer in pub or restaurant = $6 – $8
  • Pint of Guiness in a pub = $8 – $10

Estimated total for beer/wine, takeaways, eating out for our family of 4:

  • $100 per week.

 

 

Schooling

Here are the education costs for one child in a local private secondary school and one in a state primary.

 

State Primary school

No official fees, but each family at our school is asked to pay $20 “voluntary contribution”, plus $25 to the P&C (Parents and Children association).

 

There’s a stationery order (about $50) at the start of each year, plus the cost of any excursions or incursions (eg. plays put on at the school).

Total for state primary school (approx):

  • $240 per year = $20 per month = $5 per week

 

Private Secondary school

  • Annual Tuition Fees = $4,600 (Year 11)
  • Other costs (approximate) = $800

Examples of “other costs”:

  • Building Levy ($180 per year)
  • Camp fees ($190)
  • netball/athletics/swimming carnivals – $30-$50 each

Total for private secondary school: $5,400 per year = $450 per month = $104 per week.

 

Note: this is a “middle-tier” private school. Fees for the “top” schools can be $12,000 per year for tuition alone. Some private schools, especially Catholic ones, can be quite a bit cheaper.

 

If you go to an Australia migration expo you may be able to find general guidance.

 

Or you can book one of our Australian visa consultations, which gives a face to face full Australian visa assessment.


 

Cars & Travelling

Could be a fortune or a pittance depending on what you feel you need to drive!

 

Check http://www.drive.com.au for prices, and also check:

 

 

Public Transport

As an example, from a typical Perth residential area into Perth CBD (a 2-zone journey), the standard fare would be $3.50 per journey, totalling $35 per week (10 trips). This can be reduced to $26.30 per week by using a “SmartRider” card.

Total weekly costs

 

The weekly “fixed” household spending for a family, rounded up, could be:

 

Mortgage    $450
Other housing costs    $15
Schooling    $100
Cars    $125
Food Shopping    $250
Drink & Eating Out    $100
Sport & Recreation    $55
Total    $1,095

That’s just over $56,000 per year, which requires a gross salary of about $75,000 (one earner) or $36,000 each (two earners) to provide.

You do then of course also have clothes, other shopping, holidays etc. to factor in ?as mentioned, this can only be a guide and depends on lifestyle, number of little darling vampires (aka kids) you have, and so on.

 

 

 

Average Australian Salaries

 

Bear in mind that by definition, as a skilled migrant you are in high demand! If you were not, you would not be eligible for a PR visa!

 

Therefore higher than average salaries can be predicted.

 

Occupation

Average Max

Average Local

Accounting $135,287 $77,924
Admin & Office Support $89,736 $52,825
Automotive $131,429 $64,726
Banking & Financial Services $197,143 $81,729
Community, Sport & Leisure $113,978 $61,846
Construction, Building & Architecture $194,118 $110,122
Customer Service & Call Centre $97,737 $51,013
Education $104,510 $63,600
Engineering $232,679 $112,587
Executive $230,173 $118,416
Government & Defence $140,828 $77,396
Graduate $83,575 $48,051
Hospitality, Travel & Tourism $93,125 $56,757
HR & Recruitment $172,500 $86,354
Insurance $147,778 $68,123
IT & Telecomms $197,029 $99,506
Legal $163,412 $77,228
Logistics, Transport & Supply $142,431 $68,921
Manufactureing $224,633 $83,386
Marketing $150,500 $82,622
Media, Advertising, Entertainment $146,417 $75,034
Medical & Healthcare $156,299 $80,050
Mining, Oil & Gas $222,333 $144,172
PR & Communications $155,000 $84,021
Primary Industry $165,000 $73,560
Property & Real Estate $177,500 $80,256
Retail $183,333 $64,831
Sales $183,125 $87,276
Scientific $142,500 $86,236
Trades & Services $148,438 $64,779

Imigracion de Espana a Australia

PORQUE AUSTRALIA?

Australia ocupa un lugar único en la intersección de la cultura, la geografía, la historia y la economía. Posee recursos naturales inmensos, conformando una nación-continente de extraordinaria belleza.

La Organización de Naciones Unidas ha declarado Australia como el segundo mejor país del mundo para vivir, después de Noruega, debido a sus excelentes índices de calidad de vida en general. La ONU establece esta clasificación sobre la base de una encuesta anual que evalúa los índices de bienestar social y económico de 174 países. Australia destaca en la encuesta por sus altos indicadores de acceso a la educación, alta expectativa de vida y bajos índices de criminalidad.

Australia fue colonizada por Inglaterra en 1778, por este motivo posee el mismo idioma, régimen de gobierno y de justicia que el Reino Unido. Es un país altamente desarrollado, al igual que las naciones de Norteamérica y Europa. Tiene un excelente sistema de educación, salud y seguridad social, por ello es uno de los países más seguros del mundo y carece de extrema pobreza.

Australia cuenta con una economía activa que vive su   momento de mayor fortaleza en las últimas décadas. En materia de comercio internacional, está orientada hacia la fabricación de productos y servicios de alto valor. Cuenta con mano de obra calificada, el respaldo sociopolítico de instituciones democráticas, armonía social y un estilo de vida que es motivo de ejemplo en el mundo entero.

El nivel educativo australiano es reconocido mundialmente por su excelente calidad. De esto da crédito la alta proporción de extranjeros que conforman la población estudiantil de las universidades australianas, quienes representan entre el 5 y el 10% de la totalidad de los estudiantes matriculados en dichas instituciones.

VENTAJAS DE ESCOGER AUSTRALIA

  • Por su conformación histórica, Australia es una nación de inmigrantes. Esto la ha llevado a convertirse además en una sociedad tolerante y multicultural, con absoluto rechazo a la discriminación racial.
  • Ha sido declarado como el segundo mejor país del mundo para vivir, antecedido únicamente por Noruega, lo cual es un claro indicador de sus altos niveles de calidad de vida y bienestar socioeconómico.
  • Los australianos gozan de un estándar de vida confortable, tienen un buen sistema de salud y seguridad social, un alto nivel educativo, buenos sistemas de comunicaciones, un sistema financiero estable y altamente desarrollado y un ambiente natural seguro y limpio.
  • Australia posee una riqueza idiomática altamente ventajosa para el ciudadano inmigrante. Más de 2,4 millones de australianos hablan en su entorno familiar un idioma distinto al inglés. Los hablantes de lenguas asiáticas superan los 800.000. Esto supone que las ciudades australianas se están convirtiendo rápidamente en sedes de empresas que necesitan emplear a trabajadores con diversas destrezas lingüísticas.
  • El clima australiano es bastante tolerable. Varía de acuerdo con las diferentes regiones, es tropical al Norte y con estaciones al Sur, sin embargo los inviernos no son tan extremos como en Norteamérica y Europa. No cae nieve en ninguna de las grandes ciudades.

UBICACION GEOGRAFICA Australia posee una extensión geográfica de 8 millones de kilómetros cuadrados. Es el sexto país más grande del mundo, la isla de mayor tamaño y el más pequeño de los continentes. Situada en el hemisferio sur entre los océanos Indico y Pacífico, Australia está asentada sobre una de las plataformas continentales más viejas del mundo, formando una isla-continente de costas poco recortadas, cuyos únicos accidentes geográficos importantes son la Península de Cabo York y el Golfo de Carpentaria, al noreste del país. La cordillera australiana se extiende a lo largo de la costa oriental, y su altura culminante es el monte Kosciusko (2.234 m.) El centro del país lo constituyen dos inmensas llanuras y el oeste es una meseta de 200 a 600 metros de altura, interrumpida por algunas montañas (Montes Mac Donnel y Musgrave).

DIVISION POLITICO TERITORIAL Australia se compone de seis estados y dos territorios con gobierno propio.

AustralianCapital Territory (Territorio de la Capital de Australia) fue creado en Nueva Gales del Sur, en 1911, como el lugar para la capital nacional, Canberra.

Victoria es el estado más pequeño de los del interior pero el segundo más poblado. Su capital, Melbourne, es la segunda ciudad más grande de Australia.

Queenslandse extiende desde los bosques tropicales de Cabo York hasta la zona templada. Su costa nordeste está bordeada por la Gran Barrera de Coral. La capital de Queensland es Brisbane, servida por tres aeropuertos (Brisbane, Cairns y Townsville).

El estado de South Australia (Australia del Sur), creado por una comisión de colonización privada, es famoso por su Festival de Adelaide, celebrado cada dos años y que constituye todo un acontecimiento cultural internacional.

El estado de Western Australia (Australia del Oeste) tiene aproximadamente el tamaño de Europa Occidental. Casi tres cuartos de la población del Estado, de 1,85 millones de habitantes, vive en la capital, Perth.

Separada del continente por las aguas del Estrecho de Bass, Tasmania y las muchas islas que la acompañan forman el estado australiano más pequeño. Hobart, la capital, es el destino de la excepcional clásica regata de aguas azules celebrada anualmente, la Carrera de Yates de Sydney-Hobart.

NorthernTerritory (Territorio del Norte) tiene más del doble de la superficie de Francia pero sólo cuenta con una población de menos de 200 mil habitantes. Darwin es la capital y Alice Springs es la principal ciudad del interior del territorio.

DIVISION POR ESTADOS Y TERRITORIOS (Habitantes en millones)

. Áreaen km2 Población Capital
NewSouth Wales (Nueva Gales del Sur) 800.642 6.40 m Sydney (3.88 m)
Victoria 227.416 4.70 m Melbourne (3.28 m)
Queensland 1.730.648 3.50 m Brisbane (1.52 m)
SouthAustralia (Australia del Sur) 983.482 1.50 m Adelaide (1.09 m)
WesternAustralia (Australia del Occidente) 2.529.875 1.85 m Perth (1.34 m)
Tasmania 68.401 0.47 m Hobart (0.19 m)
NorthernTerritory (Territorio del Norte) 1.349.129 0.19 m Darwin (0.09 m)
Australian Capital Territory (Territorio de la Capital Australiana) 2.431 0.31 m Canberra (0.31 m)
Australia(total) 7.692.024 18.92m .

Capital La ciudad capital es Canberra, ubicada en el Territorio Capital Australiano, establecido dentro del estado de New South Wales, y tiene 311 mil habitantes. Alberga las más importantes instituciones nacionales, entre las que se encuentran el Parlamento Federal, la Biblioteca Nacional, la Galería Nacional, la Corte Suprema y el Museo de Guerra.

CIUDADES PRINCIPALES

  • Sydney, capital de New South Wales, es la principal ciudad de Australia y la de mayor población con 3 millones 800 mil habitantes. Sydney fue el primer lugar en donde se produjo el asentamiento europeo en Australia. La ciudad posee dos de los más importantes íconos australianos: la famosa Opera House y el Harbour Bridge, entre muchas otras atracciones. Su aeropuerto es la principal puerta de entrada al país.
  • Melbourne, con aproximadamente 3 millones 28 mil habitantes, es la capital de Victoria, que es el estado más pequeño y más densamente poblado.
  • Brisbane, capital de Queensland, es la tercera ciudad más poblada, con 1 millón 52 mil habitantes.

POBLACION

En australiaviven cerca de 19 millones de personas, con una densidad de 2/km2 (dos habitantes por cada kilómetro cuadrado). La población australiana es angloparlante con profundos lazos tradicionales con Gran Bretaña, Estados Unidos y otros países occidentales.

Nacionales Los indígenas australianos llegaron a la isla-continente hace más de 40 mil años. El asentamiento europeo se produjo en 1788, cuando Gran Bretaña estableció una colonia en Nueva Gales del Sur.

La base actual de la población la constituyen los habitantes de raza blanca procedentes de las constantes migraciones.

Extranjeros Aproximadamente el 23% de la población australiana son personas nacidas fuera de este país, principalmente provenientes de lugares como Gran Bretaña e Irlanda, Europa Continental, Asia, Oceanía, Norte y Este Medio de África, entre otros.

Durante las últimas décadas mucha gente de Asia y el Pacífico se ha establecido en Australia. Con esas regiones vecinas, Australia estrecha en la actualidad lazos culturales cada día más fuertes.

TIPO DE GOBIERNO

Australia es un Gobierno Federal que cuenta con una sólida democracia, pionera del voto femenino y de la votación secreta (1895).

En el siglo XVI Australia fue colonia de Inglaterra y desde esa época copió la estructura política, judicial y educativa del Reino Unido. En la actualidad, Australia pertenece al “Commonwealth” o Comunidad Británica de Naciones, asociación libre de 50 estados independientes soberanos que formaron parte de la corona británica. Es por esta razón que, aunque Australia es una nación independiente, la Reina Isabel II de Gran Bretaña, es también formalmente la Reina de Australia.

El gobierno federal australiano está basado en un parlamento elegido por el pueblo, con dos cámaras: la Cámara de Representantes (House of Representatives) y el Senado (Senate). El partido (o partidos) con mayoría en la Cámara de Representantes forma gobierno con ministros pertenecientes a las dos cámaras. La tradición administrativa de Australia tiene sus raíces en la administración de las colonias. Sus servicios públicos federales, estatales y territoriales son todos profesionales, en el sentido de que contratan a funcionarios permanentes para servir al Gobierno que esté en su momento, independientemente de su ideología política.

La Reina nombra a un Gobernador General de Australia (aconsejado por el Gobierno australiano elegido) para que la represente.

El Gobernador General nombra a los ministros, aconsejado por el Primer Ministro, y, por convención, actúa sólo por consejo de los ministros en prácticamente todos los asuntos.

Australia tiene una constitución escrita que expone las funciones del gobierno federal, tales como las relaciones exteriores y comerciales, la defensa y la inmigración. Los estados y territorios son responsables de los asuntos no asignados al gobierno federal. En la práctica, los dos niveles de gobierno cooperan en muchas áreas.

Los estados y territorios crean órganos locales de gobierno. Estos no tienen asignadas funciones de mantenimiento del orden y la seguridad o de velar por la educación pública conferidas a organismos locales en otros países de habla inglesa.

Australia celebra elecciones regularmente y el voto es obligatorio. El período máximo de mandato de un gobierno australiano es de tres años, a partir de la primera reunión del nuevo Parlamento Federal. No obstante, el Primer Ministro puede pedirle al Gobernador General que se celebren elecciones antes de los tres años. Sólo un parlamento ha completado los tres años de mandato. La media, desde que se estableció la Federación en 1901, es de dos años y medio.

LEYES

La Constitución Nacional y las leyes federales rigen por encima de cualquier ley estatal que sea incompatible. En la práctica, los dos niveles de gobierno, el central y el federal, cooperan en muchos aspectos en los que los estados y territorios son formalmente responsables, como en el caso de la educación, el transporte, la salud, la agricultura y la seguridad.

La constitución australiana, vigente desde 1901, define las responsabilidades del Gobierno Federal, que incluyen las relaciones y comercio exterior, la defensa y la inmigración. Los gobiernos de los estados y territorios son responsables de todas las cuestiones no asignadas al “Commonwealth” (Comunidad Británica de Naciones).

La constitución sólo puede modificarse por referéndum, siempre que exista mayoría en la totalidad de la nación y en al menos cuatro de los seis estados. De 42 propuestas a referéndum presentadas desde el inicio de la federación sólo se han aprobado ocho.

De forma similar a la Constitución Federal, las leyes de los estados se originan en leyes promulgadas por el Parlamento Británico. Sin embargo, el poder para cambiar las constituciones estatales reside en los parlamentos estatales y no requieren un referéndum.

Todo lo que se diga en el parlamento puede declararse como justo y preciso, sin temor a un juicio por difamación. Las luchas parlamentarias y los debates son transmitidos masivamente por los medios de comunicación. Esto ha dado al gobierno australiano la reputación de estar consolidado a través del debate público y ha reforzado el Poder Ejecutivo.

La constitución australiana proporciona unas garantías expresas de derechos individuales y civiles, sin embargo, como regla general, la protección de esas libertades queda de parte de los parlamentos federales y estatales y de las cortes en la aplicación del derecho consuetudinario. La Corte Suprema, el tribunal de apelación final de Australia, tiene un papel central en la salvaguarda de esos derechos.

IDIOMA

El inglés es el idioma oficial de los australianos, quienes además hablan otros 100 idiomas y más de 200 lenguas indígenas.

Alrededor del 15% de la población habla en casa otros idiomas además del inglés. Los cinco principales son italiano, chino, griego, árabe y vietnamita.

RELIGION

Debido a la naturaleza multicultural de su sociedad, Australia es un país donde se manifiestan distintos tipos de religiones.

Los grupos más importantes de acuerdo con su número son:

  • anglicanos40%,
  • católicos26%,
  • unionistasy metodistas 8%,
  • otrosprotestantes 6%,
  • presbiterianos4%,
  • otros16%.

MONEDA

La moneda oficial de Australia es el Dólar australiano, que se representa con el signo A$. La equivalencia de esta moneda es de aproximadamente 1,7 dólares australianos por cada dólar americano. Hay billetes de 100, 50, 20 y 5 dólares y monedas de 5, 10, 20 y 50 centavos y de 1 y 2 dólares.

Australia desarrolló un novedoso sistema de billetes de banco elaborados de plástico (polímero), que duran cuatro veces más que los convencionales de papel y proporcionan una mayor seguridad frente a las falsificaciones. Cuando su vida útil finaliza, los billetes de polímero se trituran en pequeñas partículas y se reciclan en diferentes productos de plástico.

Con esa tecnología, Australia produce billetes para Nueva Zelanda, Nueva Guinea, Indonesia, Kuwait, Samoa Occidental, Singapur, Brunei, Sri Lanka y Tailandia.

BANCOS

Más de veinte bancos locales y numerosos grupos bancarios internacionales están representados en Australia. Los principales bancos tienen sucursales en cada ciudad y centro regional. El horario de atención al público es de 9:30 a.m. a 4:00 p.m., de lunes a viernes. Existen cajeros automáticos (Automatic Teller Machines o ATM) en la mayoría de los centros comerciales, que funcionan 24 horas al día. Muchos grandes almacenes, supermercados y tiendas especializadas cuentan con terminales de transferencia bancaria (EFTPOS) a través de los cuales se pueden hacer compras o retirar efectivo.

Las principales tarjetas de crédito que se aceptan en Australia son American Express, Bankcard, Diners International, Mastercard, Visa y sus asociadas.

IMPUESTOS

Los impuestos a las ganancias y a las ventas se recaudan a escala federal y el debate entre los niveles de gobierno -central y federal- sobre la distribución de estos ingresos y la duplicación de funciones de gasto es un aspecto perenne en la política australiana.

Los servicios públicos australianos son costeados en gran medida por la recaudación general de impuestos, gran parte de los cuales se alcanza gracias a un gravamen procedente de los ingresos de los ciudadanos. Sin embargo, en los últimos tiempos, el gobierno australiano ha hecho profundas reformas al sistema impositivo, con la intención de reducir los impuestos sobre los ingresos, mediante el aumento de la base fiscal indirecta y la mejora de la equidad fiscal.

Una de las interesantes reformas gubernamentales sobre la materia la constituye el Impuesto sobre Bienes y Servicios, que está en vigencia desde julio de 2000. Se trata de un impuesto de base amplia sobre el valor añadido, que sustituirá a los impuestos indirectos, entre los que se incluye el impuesto sobre las ventas al por mayor, que es una carga impositiva sobre los fabricantes y los exportadores. El Impuesto sobre Bienes y Servicios del 10% se aplicará a casi todos los bienes y servicios.

Las reformas fiscales incluyen la reducción de los impuestos a las empresas, que pasarán del 36% al 34% para el año fiscal 2000-2001, y a un 30% después.

EDUCACION Todos los años, Australia recibe un número cada vez mayor de extranjeros para cursar estudios en sus universidades, institutos, escuelas y colegios. Se calcula que en 1999 había aproximadamente 130 mil estudiantes extranjeros en Australia, un 2% más que en 1998.

Australia ocupa el tercer lugar de los países angloparlantes del mundo, detrás de Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido, con mayor número de estudiantes extranjeros en la enseñanza superior, número que está creciendo a una velocidad mucho más rápida que la de sus principales competidores.

El sistema educativo australiano posee estándar internacional, así como un reconocido nivel de excelencia en la enseñanza del inglés.

Las dos próximas décadas serán decisivas en la estructuración de una educación australiana convertida en una empresa cada vez más global, en la que los vínculos internacionales sean vitales para la creación y el avance del conocimiento. El desarrollo de la tecnología de las comunicaciones reforzará esas tendencias.

SEGURIDAD PERSONAL

Australia es un país seguro, comparado con casi cualquier otro país del globo. La delincuencia y los disturbios políticos son poco frecuentes. Sin embargo, en las urbes más pobladas del país pueden presentarse situaciones que pondrían en riesgo la seguridad personal de sus ciudadanos, por lo que es una buena práctica para el extranjero recién llegado aplicar las mismas normas básicas de seguridad que observaba en su país de origen.

Un consejo básico es escoger con cuidado la comunidad donde te residenciarás y familiarizarte con la zona para aprender a diferenciar las áreas peligrosas. Ubica el lugar exacto donde se localizan las principales autoridades de auxilio, como la policía y los bomberos. En Australia, el teléfono para emergencias es el 000, y para llamadas desde teléfonos móviles digitales se debe marcar 000 ó 112.

También es muy importante que al transitar por la calle, ya sea como peatón o como conductor, tengas muy presente las normas de circulación básicas, una de las cuales es que en Australia los vehículos circulan por la izquierda. Al cruzar la calle mira primero en ambas direcciones, pues los carros seguramente se aproximarán por el lado opuesto al que lo hacen en tu país.

VIDA CULTURAL Y SOCIAL

Australia posee una versátil y activa vida cultural. Las artes contemporáneas australianas son tan ricas y diversas como la sociedad y el continente de donde provienen. Reflejan las tradiciones culturales más antiguas del mundo y una exuberante mezcla de culturas de las comunidades inmigrantes.

Para referir la importancia del sector, cabe mencionar que el apoyo directo del gobierno australiano a las artes y a los servicios culturales se traduce en un aporte que asciende a los US$ 440 millones (dólares estadounidenses) anuales, incluyendo unos US$ 72 millones anuales de apoyo directo a los artistas, a través de su principal organismo financiero y consultivo de las artes, el Australia Council. Las artes y el sector de la cultura en Australia, generan en la actualidad el 2,5% del Producto Nacional Bruto.

Todas las formas de las artes escénicas, incluidas la música, la danza, el teatro, así como las artes visuales, el cine, la literatura y la plástica, cuentan con una gran aceptación en Australia y han alcanzado niveles de sofisticación y perfección durante los últimos años.

Con respecto a la literatura, se reconoce que desde tiempos inmemoriales, los aborígenes australianos tuvieron una rica tradición mitológica, histórica y cuentística. Australia tiene muchos famosos escritores que incluso han ganado el Premio Nobel, entre ellos el literato Patrick Martindale White.

Sobre el séptimo arte, desde la época del cine mudo, se desarrolló en Australia una importante industria cinematográfica, con artistas tan emblemáticos como Errol Flynn y Mel Gibson.

Muchos otros importantes y talentosos artistas admirados en todo el mundo son de Australia, como Olivia Newton-John, Nicole Kidman, Geoffrey Rush, Cate Blanchett, Paul Logan, Russell Crowe y la banda musical Savage Garden, por mencionar a los más conocidos.

En el área gastronómica, Australia también se encuentra a la vanguardia. La riqueza étnica australiana es la inspiración de una amplia gama de novedades culinarias. En sus principales ciudades se puede degustar la más variada y exótica cocina internacional, sin obviar, desde luego, la reconocida cocina australiana moderna, denominada “Mod-Oz”.

Cabe mencionar con especial énfasis la desarrollada industria vitivinícola australiana, que genera unos 16 mil empleos directos y cerca de 13 mil indirectos, y cuyas expectativas de exportación crecen cada año.

SERVICIOS PUBLICOS

Australia cuenta con una infraestructura de servicios públicos amplia y competitiva, especialmente en las áreas de transporte y telecomunicaciones.

En los casi 8 millones de kilómetros cuadrados de superficie del país, sus habitantes -cerca de 19 millones- viven en ciudades muy distantes entre sí. Para superar ese obstáculo, el gobierno invierte en un plan denominado “Transport”, que aprovechará el enorme potencial de las nuevas tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones para hacer que el transporte en Australia sea mucho más eficaz.

En 1990 había 38 mil kilómetros de vías, controladas por el gobierno, que incluye 16 mil kilómetros de autopistas. Se calcula que hay cerca de 14 millones de automóviles.

En cuanto a transporte aéreo, las líneas aéreas conectan las principales ciudades. Se considera que transportan 20 millones de pasajeros al año. Hay cerca de 50 compañías aéreas que vuelan hacia Australia. Los principales aeropuertos son los de Sydney (Kingsford Smith) y el de Melbourne (Tullamarine). Es de gran significación la navegación costera y transoceánica, con 70 puertos de importancia. Sydney, contiguo a la bahía de Botany es el principal de ellos.

En el área de las telecomunicaciones, los precios han bajado y los servicios se están ampliando. El desarrollo y crecimiento de Internet ha llevado a que éste sea uno de los servicios más importantes proporcionados por la industria del sector. Los australianos ya son importantes innovadores en Internet. Australia se comunica con el resto del mundo a través del satelite y del cable submarino, radioteléfono y fototelégrafo.

CLIMA

El clima es muy variado en Australia, pero por lo general es más cálido que en Europa y Norteamérica.

Básicamente, Australia goza de dos tipos de clima: el tropical lluvioso, en la zona norte y el temperado, al sur del país.

En la zona tropical lluviosa se experimentan sólo dos períodos climáticos: el verano, caliente y con fuertes lluvias, y el invierno, frío y seco.

En la zona temperada, se disfrutan de las cuatro estaciones climáticas, que son opuestas a las de Europa:

  • Verano Dura desde diciembre hasta febrero.
  • Otoño Va de marzo a mayo.
  • Invierno Desde junio hasta agosto.
  • Primavera De septiembre a noviembre.

Sin embargo, esta clasificación del clima australiano no es tan rígida. Yendo de Norte a Sur se pueden encontrar ciudades muy secas como Darwin, semiáridas como Alice Springs, ciudades más frescas como Sydney y Brisbane, y otras de temperatura bastante más fría como Melbourne y Hobart.

COMO SON LOS AUSTRALIANOS?

Australia es un país formado por gentes de muy diversos entornos. La versatilidad multirracial se ha convertido en un ejemplo excelente de su identidad nacional y en uno de sus más importantes rasgos culturales.

A esa diversidad han contribuido las culturas indígenas, los primeros asentamientos europeos y las sucesivas olas de inmigrantes de todos los rincones del mundo. Esa característica de la sociedad australiana es fuente de ventajas competitivas, enriquecimiento cultural y estabilidad social.

El estilo de vida australiano es, por lo tanto, multicultural y privilegia el derecho de todos los ciudadanos a expresar y compartir las tradiciones, las creencias y los hábitos culturales de sus raíces.

Los australianos suelen ser joviales, cordiales y frecuentemente informales. Conforman una sociedad sin grandes diferencias entre clases, en la que el trabajo honesto se valora más que el éxito rápido y fácil. Los australianos comparten un gran respeto por gente de otras culturas, por lo que su hospitalidad con los extranjeros es cálida y sencilla.

Algunos de los rasgos culturales más característicos de los australianos son los siguientes:

Individualismo: La mayoría de los australianos prefieren ser tratados como individuos, en lugar de como representantes de una cierta clase o grupo. Generalmente detestan depender de otros.

Igualdad Los australianos creen en la igualdad social, jurídica y política de todos los ciudadanos y la constitución australiana protege esos derechos. Poseen leyes contra la discriminación por razones de raza, género o estado civil. La mayoría piensa que los otros son sus iguales, sin importar qué oficio desempeñen o alguna otra condición.

Sentido del humor Los australianos tienen un buen sentido del humor y gustan de ser amigables en su trato. El humor australiano se dirige contra aquellas personas que dan la impresión de considerarse superiores. Los australianos suelen bromear y uno de sus pasatiempos favoritos consiste en hablar con expresiones graciosas, que dirigen a las personas a quienes aceptan.

Contacto con la naturaleza Al poseer una geografía variada y plena de riquezas naturales, los australianos guardan una relación muy especial con el medioambiente. Disfrutan de la vida en contacto directo con la naturaleza y suelen ser consecuentes defensores de las causas ecologistas.

Deporte Los australianos otorgan mucho valor al deporte, las figuras deportivas son consideradas héroes y las retransmisiones de distintas disciplinas copan los primeros lugares en prensa y televisión.

Es normal ver cada fin de semana miles de personas practicando en los espacios públicos sus deportes favoritos. El deporte es visto en Australia como un modo de convivencia y camaradería, una forma de pasar el tiempo entre amigos.

Se practican todo tipo de deportes. El que más espectadores atrae es el Rugby League, una variante del rugby tradicional con algunos cambios en las reglas para hacerlo más espectacular. Los partidos son seguidos por miles de aficionados cada semana. Un deporte auténtico del país es el fútbol australiano, una mezcla entre rugby y fútbol que se juega en un estadio ovalado. Después aparecen el rugby, cricket, el fútbol y el baloncesto.

Entre los jóvenes australianos el deporte preferido es el surf. Lo practican como una forma de disfrutar el tiempo libre en armonía con el océano y la naturaleza